Inflation rose 0.4% in April and 4.7% from a year ago, according to a key Fed gauge.

Inflation remained stubbornly high in April, which could boost the chances of interest rates staying higher for longer, according to a gauge released on Friday that the Federal Reserve follows closely.

The personal consumption expenditures price index, which measures a variety of goods and services and adjusts to changes in consumer behavior, rose 0.4% for the month excluding food and energy costs, above the 0.3% Dow estimate.

The Commerce Department reported that the gauge rose year-on-year by 4.7%, up 0.1 percentage point from expected.

Including food and energy, mainline personal consumption expenditures also rose 0.4% and rose 4.4% from a year earlier, up from the 4.2% rate in March.

Although inflation has risen, consumer spending has held up and so has personal income.

The report showed that spending jumped 0.8% in the month, while personal income accelerated 0.4%. Both numbers are expected to rise by 0.4%.

Price increases were distributed almost evenly, with goods up 0.3% and services up 0.4%. Food prices decreased by less than 0.1%, while energy prices increased by 0.7%. On a yearly basis, prices for goods rose 2.1% and services 5.5%, which is another indication that the US is leaning back towards a service-focused economy.

Food prices rose 6.9% from a year ago, while energy prices fell 6.3%.

The report comes a few weeks before the Federal Reserve’s June 13-14 policy meeting.

The Fed is targeting annual inflation around 2%, which means current levels remain well above the target and leads to the possibility that the aggressive moves the central bank has made over the past year or so will remain intact.

One of the ways that a rate hike by the Fed is supposed to work is by reducing demand. However, April spending figures show that consumers continued to spend in the face of both rising rates and strong inflation, meaning policymakers may have to do more.

Immediately after the report was released, market rates swung to a 57% chance that the Fed would raise interest rates another quarter percentage point at the June meeting. There are only two major data points ahead of this, with the May Nonfarm Payrolls report due next Friday and the Consumer Price Index on June 13th.

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